A case study to examine the imputation of missing data to improve clustering analysis of building electrical demand


Building performance data are widely used for daily operation, improving building efficiency, identifying and diagnosing performance problems, and commissioning. In this study, the authors explore the use of missing data imputation and clustering on an electrical demand dataset. The objective was to compare four approaches of data imputation and clustering analysis. Results of this study suggest that using multiple imputation to fill in missing data prior to performing clustering analysis results in more informative clusters. Commonly used methods to fill in missing data lead to changes in cluster membership that are not suggestive of a change in the building’s performance, but instead is a result of the choice of imputation method used.

In Building Services Engineering Research and Technology